Skip to main content

International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS)

International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS)

1,240
RESULTS
rss


PART OF
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
Additional Collections
Media Type
1,240
texts
Year
27
2018
34
2017
14
2015
1,165
(No Date)
Topics & Subjects
9
Agriculture
5
Data Mining
5
Innovation
4
CFD
4
Cloud
4
Strategy
More right-solid
Collection
More right-solid
Creator
1
ijaers
Language
1,234
English
2
French
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
Dietary mushrooms are considered as valuable health foods since they are known for rich proteinacious food, it consists of about 75 per cent proteins and are low in calories, fat, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. Mushrooms as functional foods are used as nutrient supplements to enhance immunity in the form of tablets. Calocybe indica is an indigenous popular edible mushroom, having a variety of secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds, terpenes and steroids possibly involved in their...
Topics: Calocybe indica, medicine, food, properties.
This document describes about designing and manufacturing of bamboo processing machine having three functions, namely; splitting, grinding and sanding bamboo surfaces. It helps to avoid a tedious and time taking manual bamboo processing. Three people can work at the same time when a need arise. It is designed considering safety factors and ergonomic considerations. The machine is robust in design having low sound, and good aesthetic so as to look attractive and durable while giving service....
Topics: Designing, Manufacturing, bamboo processing, splitting and grinding knots, all cost are in Birr...
With the advent of whatsapp, information has been spread worldwide easily. Higher learning institutions such as IIUM have been using whatsapp as a mean of communication between the students and their instructors. The use of whatsapp at IIUM has been inevitable. Despite the positive impact of whatsapp as social media to the users, it has also negative impacts on student learning such as: time consuming for student’s study time, exacerbating student’s grammar and spelling,...
Topics: Whatsapp, Malaysia, IIUM.
This work investigates the result of an experimental study carried out to determine the Coefficient of performance of domestic refrigerator when a propane-butane mixture is liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) which is available and comprises 56.4% butane, 24.4%propane, and 17.2% isobutene. This paper also presented an experimental investigation of COP by the effect of changing capillary tube length, capillary tube inner diameter and capillary coil diameter on the mass flow rate of refrigerant in an...
Topics: LPG refrigerator, evaporator, zero cost refrigerators, electricity free refrigerator.
In today’s computer era, people used computers for communication purposes. Gesture is one of the most powerful and severe way of communication between computer and human. Gesture Recognition is one type of non-verbal Communication using fingers, palm, face, arms etc. There are multiple techniques for recognizing the gestures. This paper presents a hand gesture interface for executing the commands using dynamic time warping technique. But it is working on only two similar length sequences...
Topics: Accelerometer, Dynamic Time Warping, Gesture Recognition, Magic Ring Sensor, Zigbee
Bitter gourd has important role as a source of carbohydrate, proteins, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients in human diet (Ali et al., 2008) which are necessary for maintaining proper health. To assess the chemical and nutritional composition of the selected bitter gourd types in the fresh and dried form, the following parameters were determined i.e. total carbohydrate, protein, dietary fibre, moisture, β carotene, vitamin C, folic acid, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron,...
Topics: Momordica charantia, Bitter gourd, Fresh samples, Light green big.
Guardrail, fixed to lessen the sternness of run-off-road clash, is the most frequent traffic security system found on California State Highways. Guardrail may forward a sinful vehicle and disperse force from the collision in some, but not for all cases depending on the series of events throughout the conflict. Even though guardrail is itself a permanent object, it may lessen conflict sternness in situations where it is firm that remarkable the guardrail is less severe than striking fixed...
Topics: Fencing guardrail, highway, accident, safety, collisions
India is the second largest producer of silk in the world ,next to China, with 14.7% share in global raw silk production. Silk, considered as the queen of fibres, is proteinaceous in nature. The bulk of commercial silk is produced from the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori. The sericulture is rural, cottage and agro-based industry of cultivating food plants, rearing silkworms, conducting silk reeling, twisting, dyeing, weaving etc. ,provides continuous employment to 6817 thousand people in India...
Topics: Sericulture industry, Employment generation, Silk, India.
Nowadays multilevel inverter (MLI) technologies becomes extremely main choice in the area of high power medium voltage energy control. Although multilevel inverter has a number of advantages it has drawbacks in the layer of higher levels because of using large number of semiconductor switches. This may leads to large size and price of the inverter is very high and also increase in losses. So in order to reduce this difficulties in the new multilevel inverter is proposed to reducing the...
Topics: ijaers, Cascaded Multilevel Inverter, Harmonic Distortion, MATLAB, semiconductor switches, THD
This invention is a new proposed model of peeling the garlic skins with mechanical functionality. Working with the simple and basic mechanism, this is utilising to peel the skin of garlic cloves. This device consists of components like flywheel, process unitand peeler. It reduces the time consumption and protects the hand fingers from the welfare issues like irritation in fingers and nail breakings.
Topics: Peddling unit, transmission unit (gears, etc.), bicycle mechanism, garlic peeler.
Carry select method has deemed to be a good compromise between cost and performance in carry propagation adder design. However conventional carry select adder (CSLA) is still area consuming due to the dual ripple carry adder structure. The excessive area overhead makes conventional carry select adder (CSLA) relatively unattractive but this has been the circumvented by the use of add-one circuit. In this an area efficient modified CSLA scheme based on a new first zero detection logic is...
Topics: Ripple carry adder (RCA), Carry select adder(CSLA), Logic gates, Verilog, Adders
The requirement of pedal mount have become increasingly complex in recent years due to the expansion of global markets and diversification of the conditions under which vehicles are used in different parts of the world. It is also becoming increasingly important to ensure that vehicles offer adjustability, ergonomical for the driver, light weight, serviceability, secure and better braking effect which are expected by drivers, but can also provide less aggressive feel to driver while severe...
Topics: Automotive brake pedal, accelerator, Light weight, adjustable.
One of the environmental issues in most regions of Iran is the large number of bottles made from poly-ethylene terephthalate (PET) deposited in domestic wastes and landfills. Due to the high volume of these bottles, more than 1 million m3 landfill spaces are needed for disposal every year. The purpose of this experimental study was to investigate the possibility of using PET waste in asphalt concrete mixes as aggregate replacement (Plastiphalt) to reduce the environmental effects of PET...
Topics: Waste Plastic, poly-ethylene terephthalate, Plastiphalt.
Disinfection with chlorine is very popular in water and wastewater treatment because of its low cost, ability to form a residual, and its effectiveness at low concentrations. Chlorinated drinking water's chief benefit is the protection of public health through the control of waterborne diseases. It plays a paramount role in controlling pathogens in water that cause human illness, as evidenced by the virtual absence of waterborne diseases such as typhoid and cholera in developed countries. But,...
Topics: Disinfection, Water treatment plant, Public health, Residual chlorine.
In computer graphics we have many polygon filling algorithms. In this paper I review scan line polygon filling algorithms using inside-outside test, boundary fill algorithm and flood fill algorithm. Scan line filling algorithm, finds an intersection of the scan line with polygon edges and inside-outside test is used to find the inside and outside region of a polygon. Boundary fill is a recursive algorithm. This paper has a review on various polygon filling algorithms.
Topics: Polygon filling, scan line, boundary fill, computer graphics.
With rapid increase in population, the issues related to sanitation with respect to garbage management are degrading immensely. It creates unhygienic conditions for the citizens in the nearby surrounding, leading to the spread of infectious diseases and illness. To avoid this problem, IoT based “Smart Waste Management†is the best and trending solution. In the proposed system, public dustbins will be provided with embedded device which helps in real time monitoring of level of garbage...
Topics: Cloud, ESP8266, Raspberry pi, UV Sensor, Load Cell, Humidity Sensor, Garbage Collecting Vans.
This research paper shows the implementation of the work carried in machine translation using machine learning algorithm taking in consideration bi-lingual i.e. English to Hindi translation based on fuzzy technique. Model is implemented in Python taking input in English and translating to Hindi as output. It consists of a trainee dataset containing English equivalent Hindi sentences. Initial program run to train the application with the training set data. Minimum one million datasets are taken...
Topics: Fuzzy Logic, Machine Translation, Machine Learning, NLP, etc.
This paper includes the design of five sections of the telescopic boom, automatic boom extension rope mechanism and self-compensating rope mechanism used in the crane. The models of the booms were designed using CAD software and verified using finite element analysis software. Stiffener plates were used to improve the strength of critical sections found by analysis. Also this paper incorporates selecting two rope mechanisms which eliminate the human involvement in the extensions and hence...
Topics: Stiffener Plate, Rope Mechanism, Finite Element Analysis, Telescopic Boom.
Presently, a new reversible image transformation technique is proposed, this technique not only enhances the quality of the encrypted image but also it can restore the secret image in lossless manner. Furthermore, is delegate data to the cloud. Therefore, the cloud can easily add additional data into the encrypted image by any RDH methods. It is very crucial to secure data and allow the cloud server to manage the data at the meantime. Under such demands, proposes a method of Reversible Data...
Topics: Encrypted image, Reversible data hiding, Image encryption, Reversible image transformation, Privacy...
This paper presents a design and simulation of simplified method for designing a proportional – integral–derivative(PID)controller operating in continuous conduction mode for the Buck-Boost converter ,this method provides good voltage regulation and is suitable for Buck-Boost Dc-Dc converter, it is exposed to significant variations which may take this system away from nominal conditions caused by the line change and parameters variation at the input .Simulation results shows that...
Topics: Buck-Boost converter, Proportional- integral-derivative (PID)controller, Continuous Conduction Mode...
This paper represents a overview of aluminium shot and aluminium shot making process. It contains a review of development of aluminium shot making machine. This includes a description of the operational principal and performance characteristics of aluminium shot machine and the application of aluminium shot. The design explain below has minimum cost and less space required.
Topics: Aluminium shot, Aluminium shot making, deoxidtion, Dripper, heating coil.
Brain Computer Interface (BCI) has opened up a new hope for people suffering from severe motor disabilities, having no physical activities caused due to disease or injury to the central or peripheral nervous system. A BCI based robotic arm movement control is designed and implemented. The proposed system acquires data from the scalp of subjects a group of sensors. Emotiv EPOC a commercially available EEG headset is used, which analyzes the acquired EEG signals real time. The signals are...
Topics: Brain Computer Interface, robotic arm, Emotiv EPOC, patterns, expressions, emotions, cognition and...
Many Information can be extracted from the data that are hidden in images. The extraction process can be done using data mining techniques. In this paper, the researcher will use a system based on the decision tree for mining and processing image data. This system will be used for classification of human skin diseases. The researcher will try to use the decision tree and digital image processing principals to detect skin diseases using some features found in a digital image for a skin. The...
Topics: Expert system, Data Mining, Image Processing, Skin Diseases, Decision Tree.
In VLSI system design, power consumption is the ambitious issue for the past respective years. Advanced IC fabrication technology grants the use of nano scaled devices, so the power dissipation becomes major problem in the designing of VLSI chips. In this paper we present, a low-power flip-flop (FF) design featuring an explicit type pulse-triggered structure and a modified true single phase clock latch based on a signal feed-through scheme using pass transistor. The offered design successfully...
Topics: Flip-Flop, low power consumption, pulse triggered, high-speed.
With the advent of Internet of Things (IoT) and data convergence using rich cloud services, data computing has been pushed to new horizons. However, much of the data generated at the edge of the network leading to the requirement of high response time. A new computing paradigm, edge computing, processing the data at the edge of the network is the need of the time. In this paper, we discuss the IoT architecture, predominant application protocols, definition of edge computing and its research...
Topics: IoT, Cloud, Fog computing, edge computing, COAP.
Shell and Tube Heat exchangers are the most common type of heat exchanger widely used in oil refineries, automobiles, aerospace applications because it suits for high pressure applications. An effort is made in this paper to design Shell and Tube Double Pass Heat Exchanger with helical baffle and comparing with segmental baffle using kern method. The helixangle of baffle is varying from 0 to 50 degrees .The paper also consists of thermal analysis of a heat exchanger with helical baffles using...
Topics: Kern method, helical baffle heat exchanger, helix angle, heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop,...
Initially when power is supplied, induction motor runs at its rated speed with the recommended specifications and varying applications. Control of the motor’s speed with the improvement of the induction motor’s dynamic and steady state characteristics which are non-linear in nature, has been possible due to the advancement of electronics. The popularity of this motor has resulted into lot of research including the transient behavior of the motor. A methodology based on modeling...
Topics: Bond graph, Controller, Induction motor, Ladle Crane, Modeling, Simulation.
Women have been the bed rock of agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa as they feature in all arrays of the sector and prominent among them is broiler production. This sub sector of animal production has not only empowered these women in alleviating poverty in their domains but source of savings. In recognition of the aforesaid, successive Nigeria government and nongovernmental organization had introduced various policies and programmes aimed at developing and dissemination of improved technologies...
Topics: Socio Economic Determinants, Broiler Production, Rural Women.
Electrical Power quality is used to determine the health of the electrical power system that connects the consumer’s devices. It is concerned with voltage quality, current quality, reliability of service, quality of power supply etc. Actually the power quality refers to maintaining the sinusoidal waveform of power distribution bus voltage at rated voltage magnitude and frequency. Voltage flicker and harmonics are the main types of power quality problems that are very common to the power...
Topics: Electric Arc Furnace (EAF), Flicker Harmonics, Melting and Refining, Power quality.
The fault location detection has been a goal of power system engineers, since the creation of distribution and transmission systems. Quick fault detection can help protect the equipment by allowing the disconnection of faulted lines before any significant damage of the equipment. The accurate fault location can help utility personnel remove persistent of the faults and locate the areas where the faults regularly occur, thus reducing the occurrence of fault and minimize the time of power...
Topics: IoT, Relay, PIC Microcontroller, Transmitter, Receiver.
A case study has been developed by analyzing the RCM effectiveness on the balancing system of horizontal boring machine in private sector Madhya Pradesh , by using tools such as FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis), FTA (Fault Tree Analysis), MTBF (Mean time between failure) and MTTR (Mean time to repair). The failure characteristics of system components (cylinder, Direction control valve and pump) have been compared in terms of RPN, Criticality number, MTBF and MTTR. Fault tree analysis...
Topics: Reliability centred maintenance (RCM), Fault tree analysis (FTA), FMEA, MTBF, and MTTR, RPN (Risk...
The main objective is to analyze a rocket engine nozzle to understand the phenomena of various design conditions under different convergent angle, divergent angle and throat radius by Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD). There have also mentioned about inlet boundary conditions with specification according to the experimental information. The paper also addresses static pressure optimization and Mach number optimization. The values on the basis of results along by optimal values of nozzle design...
Topics: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Mach number, Divergent Angle, Convergent Angle and Static...
The excitation of a commercial fluorescent lamp is obtained with easy using a coaxial dipole antenna placed along its external surface. We present the results obtained making direct comparison between the luminous flux emitted by a commercial fluorescent lamp fed with 220 V ac power or, alternatively, with microwave power at 2.545 GHz. The luminous efficiency attainable with microwaves and details on the associated technology are reported. An account of the possible advantages of the novel...
Topics: fluorescent lamp, microwave methods, electrodeless lamp
Composite is stated as constituent of two or more materials which retain their own physical and chemical property during the time of application, but produce a component which inherent the properties of its constituent materials and makes it better for the real time usage. There are varieties of processing techniques for fabricating composite parts or structures such as: (1) Resin Transfer Moulding, (2) Pultrusion, (3) Filament Winding, (4) Autoclave Moulding. Among all these technique of...
Topics: composite, Resin Transfer Moulding, Pultrusion, Filament Winding, Autoclave Moulding.
The cryptocurrency is a decentralized digital money. Bitcoin is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions, to control the creation of additional units, and to verify the transfer of assets. The objective of this study is to forecast Bitcoin exchange rate in high volatility environment. Methodology implemented in this study is forecasting using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA). This study performed autocorrelation...
Topics: Cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, ARIMA model, Volatility, Error diagnostics.
Cloud Data security and the privacy of the data access on the cloud storage in private cloud environment is a great challenge in the current era. Each and every stage of the security algorithms development mostly concentrates on the secure access for the cloud data by using different cryptographic algorithms. The research background of the cryptographic field of study focuses on the implementation of different security algorithms with higher performance in the execution. The mechanism of cloud...
Topics: Cloud, Private, Security, algorithm and Performance.
Security of system is major concern in this age of high-tech infrastructure. In today’s materialistic world, security holds an in dispensable place. Security in every aspect is highly desirable may be at home or at office etc. as thefts and robberies are increasing day by day. To overcome this security threat, a security system has been proposed using GSM technology, by generating One Time Password and implementing in FPGA. As FPGAs offer all of the features needed to implement most...
Topics: FPGA, PS/2 KEYBOARD, GSM, OTP, VHDL.
This experimental research design was developed to a Solar Power Vulcanizer (SPV) in all serviceable aspects to save time, investment, manpower and the environment. This study is all about the utilization of the nature’s power - the SUN’S POWER that means no brownout in vulcanization operation. SPV is designed for greening the world to be lived by from generation to generation. The result of the three vulcanizer has the best temperature at 60oC in which the gum was bonded exactly...
Topics: solar vulcanizer, portable vulcanizer, electronic vulcanizer, electric vulcanizer, conventional...
Mobile application development is fast emerging area in software development. The testing of the mobile application is more significant and there is lot of tools available for testing mobile applications particularly for Android and iOS. In this paper we review the five significant testing tools for Android and iOS, such as Robotium, Ranorex, Appium, MonkeyTalk and UIAutomator. Robotium supports test case developers to write function, system and acceptance test scenarios and simulate Black Box...
Topics: Appium, MonkeyTalk, Ranorex, Robotium, UIAutomator.
Water disinfection processes in the presence of titanium dioxide as a photo-catalyst material provide an interesting route to destroy contaminants, being operational in the UV-A domain with a potential use of solar radiation. In recent years, advanced oxidation processes (AOP) have been developed to meet the increasing need of an effective wastewater treatment. AOP generates powerful oxidizing agent hydroxyl radicals which completely destroy the pollutants in waste water. Solar disinfection of...
Topics: Water disinfection, Photo catalyst, Titanium dioxide, UV Radiation, Solar Radiation.
The aim of this project work is Analysis of TIG welding parameters of Stainless Steel (SS 202) material used in the manufacturing of Heat Exchanger and Pressure vessel by TIG welding process, in which various input process parameters within the range of value are carried out and characteristics of output parameters are analyzed. Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) process is commonly applied to a wide range of metals which uses non-consumable tungsten electrode. Stainless steel specimen (SS 202) of...
Topics: TIG welding, Stainless steel specimen (SS 202), Full factorial Design, Gas flow rate.
The eye detection is one of the most challenging problems in many applications such as image processing, pattern recognition and computer vision. This paper introduces efficient vlsi implementation of eye detection system. Face detection is a very important part of the developed eye detection algorithm. Face detection is done by using skin detection method. Skin detection is an extraction of skin color pixels and regions from an image. In this method, first input image is converted from RGB...
Topics: Face Detection, Eye Detection, RGB, YUV.
In the last decade the use of natural fiber in reinforcement of composite materials is increased, because of growing environmental awareness. The main objective of present work is to study the mechanical properties of rice straw fiber reinforced natural rubber composites at different weight fractions (20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 60%) of rice straw fiber under treated and non treated conditions. At first the fiber is treated with NaOH, and then composite is manufactured for both untreated and treated...
Topics: Mechanical properties, Natural rubber, composite material, Rice straw fiber, Surface Treatment.
In today’s world Indian border military force facing a huge destruction especially in border. Tensions rise between nuclear neighbors after deadly raid on army base close to disputed border. All the military organizations takes the help of military robots to carry risky jobs that cannot be handled manually by soldier. A great development in military robots when compare to military robots in earlier time. In this proposal, we make use of Robotic vehicle which helps to enter an area of...
Topics: GPS, Hexapod, machine learning, object detection, raspberry pi.
Manufacturing defects are the major concern of all manufacturing industries. These defects occur due to poor material quality or lack of skilled labour. This paper focuses upon one such operation that was dependent on the skills of the operator which was deskilled by one of the successful devices in lean production which is used to eliminate waste caused by errors i.e ‘mistake-proofing’ or ‘Poka-yoke’. The use of Poka Yoke in the Ultra SD Cartridge assembly operation...
Topics: Poka Yoke, Deskilling of operations, locating fixture.
This paper deals about basic preface about superior avionic system AFDX. Avionics Signalling and communication in avionics have been significant topics ever since electronic devices were first used in aerospace systems. To deal with the challenges introduced by the extensive use of general purpose computing in marketable avionics, standards like ARINC 419 and later on 429 were available and adopted by the trade. AFDX combines confirmed safety and accessibility functionality with recent Ethernet...
Topics: AFDX, ARINC 664, ARINC 429, Ethernet, MIL-STD-1553, avionics, fault tolerance, security, safety.
The existing system of election is running manually and the piloted electronic voting using electronic voting machine (EVM) has many limitations in its mechanism. In this paper we have proposed an automated biometric electronic voting system, where a four layered network system has been used for sending the votes from client to the main database, and there exist three application servers and a client. That means, the proposed systems starts with automated registration system that would provide...
Topics: Electronic Voting, Biometric, EVM, SEIR.
Currently companies offering the service implementation of data networks have seen the need to apply any methodology, the same that can be adapted to the needs of both the client and the organization and also allow direct all processes in the development of the project. However, the use and application of these methodologies aims to reduce failures due to incorrect implementation of the network, it is important to stress that these methodologies provide excellent results as long as the...
Topics: Analysis, Benefits, CISCO, Methodology Network, Network Data, Network LAN.
Cooling of gas turbine blades is of paramount importance in the present technological scenario. Gas turbine blades are subjected to very high temperatures, which are at times above the melting point of the blade material itself. An increase in the inlet temperature of fluid increases the efficiency of the turbine. Therein lies the necessity of cooling the blades to temperatures within the safe operating conditions. Many methods of cooling have been proposed which include internal and external...
Topics: ANSYS Workbench, SolidWorks, Static Structural analysis, Steady State Thermal analysis, V-type air...
Rapid flow in internet users along with increasing power of online review sites and social media has given Existence to Sentiment analysis or Opinion minning,which aims to determine what other people feel,think And Exprss.Sentiment or Opinions contain user generated comment about products,services,policies andPolitics.Opinion may be in the form of ‘positive’ or ‘negative’.Users can give various opinion about feature of the product or services.Therefore product feature...
Topics: Rapid flow in internet users along with increasing power of online review sites and social media...
Image Compression is usually carried out using discrete cosine transform (DCT) because compressed image using DCT will take less memory to store the image and quality of the image will be good compared JPEG and HEVC. But, in this work an attempt is made to achieve compression using Approximation DCT (ADCT). ADCT is useful for reducing its computational complexity without affecting its coding performance. It provides better image and video compression compared to the DCT. ADCT is orthogonal and...
Topics: approximation discrete cosine transform (ADCT), compression, discrete cosine transform DCT), high...
Investigation of the minerals, anti-nutrients as well as compactness and hardness of mineral saltlicks produced using cement, termite mound and clay mud as binders were compared with a commercial lick in a completely randomized design of four treatments and three replicates each was conducted. The sodium content of commercial salt lick (treatment 1) was significantly higher (p
Topics: Geophagy, binders, licks, ruminants, physicochemical.
The purpose of food preservation is to allow it stay longer and as well save resources. Drying of farm produce could be sun drying or solar drying. Farm produce could also be dried using other means of drying such as   using kerosene dryer ,electric dryer or it could be processed to either finished or semi-finished products. Sun drying is very good method of drying but the problem it has is unsteady solar radiation which make some of the farm produced get spoilt. Sun drying also has a problem...
Topics: Drying, moisture, preservation, solar drying, sun drying.
This present study was focused on the assessment of youth involvement in agricultural production activities in Obi Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. The objectives where to; describe the socioeconomic characteristics of respondents, determine youths’ perception towards agricultural production, reasons for participation in agricultural production activities and identify constraints to participation in agricultural production. The study employed simple random technique in the...
Topics: Youth, Involvement, Agricultural Production.
The government set the average sound intensity in the morning and evening around the non-noise places of worship is 55 dB. Measuring instrument the intensity of sounds around places of worship during the day and night is needed to record data during the day and night. Arduino board is a combination of hardware and software with low resource requirements, which allows user to interact with objects (physical quantities) in the vicinity. Keyes- 037 microphone sound sensor module is a...
Topics: Sound Intensity, Noise Level, Sound Level Meter, Arduino, Microphone Sound Sensor, Data Logger...
Expert systems are part of a general category of computer applications known as intelligence. Expert system are designed to solve complex problems. Expert Systems is a branch of AI designed to work within a particular domain. To solve expert-level problems, expert systems will need efficient access to a substantial domain knowledge base, and a reasoning mechanism to apply the knowledge to the problems they are given. Usually they will also need to be able to explain, to the users who rely on...
Topics: Artificial Intelligence, Expert System, Knowledge base, Inference engine, ETL tool.
As the global environment turns out to be furiously focused, Operations Research has picked up criticalness in applications like world-class Manufacturing systems (WCM), Lean generation, and Six-sigma quality administration, Bench marking, Just-in-time (JIT) inventory techniques. The development of worldwide markets and the subsequent increment in rivalry have highlighted the requirement for Operation Research. To survive and lead the todays very focused and request driven market, weight is on...
Topics: Operations Research, Contemporary, Managerial, Decision Making, techniques, growth, increase,...
The rapid expansion in the civil and industrial activities in the eastern area of Saudi Arabia has made the improvement of local soils an indispensable task. It is essential for the designers and builders to be able to select an appropriate stabilizer to fulfill the engineering, environmental and economic requirements of the local soils. This study is to evaluate the economic utilization as well as the possibility of improving the mechanical properties of local soils utilizing indigenous...
Topics: stabilization, by-products, XRD, SEM, Unconfined Compression Tests, CBR.
Many nuclear power plants have undertaken power uprate processes, increasing recirculation, feed water and steam flow rates. With regards to recirculation flow, adverse scenarios,may arise where the flow varies autonomously between two values, a phenomenon known as bistable flow.Although this phenomenon is typically related to power uprate processes, some plants experience it when they reach high flow values, especially at the end of the cycle. This study proves empirically the existence of a...
Topics: Bifurcation, pitchfork, bistable, recirculation, FCV, flow.
We are developed a new structural concrete member by completely replacing coarse aggregate, fine aggregate. A study of concrete made with expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads as aggregate was carried out. Here, Fly ash partially replaced by cement was found the compressive and tensile strength of EPS concrete and then compared to conventional concrete M20.Old construction technique is being more costly due to loading, so light weight concrete is used. This paper reports the results of an...
Topics: Expanded polystyrene, Fly ash, Quarry dust, M20 conventional concrete, Compressive strength,...
Multiplier is a small unit of an arithmetic circuit that is widely used in Digital filters, Digital Signal Processing, microprocessors and communication applications etc. In today’s scenario compact and small digital devices are critical concern in the field of VLSI design, which should perform fast as well as low power consumption. Optimizing the delay, area and power of a multiplier is a major design issues, as area and speed are usually conflicting constraints. A Wallace tree...
Topics: Multiplier, GDI, CMOS, Wallace tree.
T23 is a low alloy ferritic steel used for boiler super heater and re-heater tubes and water panels in complex fuelled power plants as they exhibit superior high temperature strength and creep behaviour compared to other low alloy ferritic steels. T23 steel is in bainitic structure which holds greater toughness than tempered martensite and also they possess increased resistance to thermal fatigue. With the help of T23 steel, the weight and piping component of the boiler can be reduced. The...
Topics: T23steel, TIG process, Alloying elements, Post weld Heat Treatment, SEM analysis.
The present work aims to investigate the implementation of a new air intake on a canard type aircraft, through efficiency and drag calculations using a commercial CFD code. Preliminary semi-empirical studies proved that the NACA air inlet was the best option available since it reduces aerodynamic drag. Later, a set of numerical studies were performed with the air intake mounted on a flat plate (theory check) and in the aircraft's fuselage, in order to check the effect of the incoming flow...
Topics: Air inlet, Aerodynamic drag, Efficiency, CFD, Naca.
A connecting rod works in variably complicated conditions, and is subjected to not only the pressure due to the connecting rod mechanism, but also due to the inertia forces. Its behavior is affected by the fatigue phenomenon due to the reversible cyclic loadings. When the repetitive stresses are developed in the connecting rod it leads to fatigue phenomenon which can cause dangerous ruptures and damage. Yield, fatigue and buckling characteristics are often used as evaluation indexes for the...
Topics: Buckling, Connecting rod Shank, Design, Fatigue, Finite element method, Stress.
Open source seismic processing softwares provides a low cost alternative to commercial softwares and, with an appropriately directed development, an ability to adapt to the changing research needs. The best known example of such kind is Seismic Unix, a free reflection processing system developed at the Colorado School of Mines. It has been broadly used in research and teaching seismology and also in smaller scale seismic processing industry. Through this paper the seismic Unix was tested for...
Topics: Processing Seismic Data, Open Source Software, Basra province.
The major power lost in power system is occurred in distribution system. Increase in power loss has bad economic effect due to the energy wasted. It harms the consumer due to the drop in voltage, in addition the increase in power loss lead to increase in gas emission from thermal generating plant, therefore many efforts are consumed for minimizing the power loss in power system. In this paper, the static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) is incorporated in radial distribution system with...
Topics: Online Loss Minimization, Swarm Optimization, SSSC, PSO.
The Engine supporting bracket plays a vital role by reducing noise, vibration and harshness. The current work describes the finite element approch for modal and static structural analysis of engine supporting bracket. CAD model of engine supporting bracket was created in CATIA software and same was analyzed for stress and vibration analysis using ANSYS workbench 15.0. Both initial design and modified design was compared for output responses in terms of equivalent Von-Mises stress, deformation...
Topics: Engine Supporting bracket, Finite element analysis, Modal Analysis.
Quantum dot cellular autometa presents a promissing nanoscale technology for replacement of conventional cmos based circuits.In this paper we introduce qca logic gates such has qca inverter and qca majority gate.This paper design the sequential logic gates.such as D latch,SR latch,JK latch,T flipflop,D flipflop,2 bit counter,4 bit shift register.These designs are captured and simulated using a design calld QCA designer.
Topics: QCA, sequential circuits, QCADesigner.
In today’s business world, the owner of the data are called as distributors and the trusted third parties are called as agents. Data leakage happens every day when confidential business information such as customer or patient data, company secrets, budget information etc are leaked out . This paper contains the results of implementation of Data Leakage Detection Model. Traditionally, leakage detection is handled by watermarking, e.g., a unique code is embedded in each distributed copy. If...
Topics: agents, distributor, data leakage, data security, fake records.
Although seismic waves have been studied for many years, their soliton structure has only recently studied. Deformation solitons propagate along earthquake faults and can induce large earthquakes. Rotation solitons are generated in earthquake sources and propagate throughout the Earth. The conclusion to be reached from our paper is that the research on seismic solitons is essential for investigating the propagation of seismic waves and helps understand mechanisms triggering earthquakes. This...
Topics: chirality, S waves, San Ramon Fault, earthquake, soliton.
This paper presents a study on the properties of soil stabilized by using lime and egg shell powder. Tests were conducted to assess the potential of egg shell powder in replacing lime, which can make the overall stabilization process economical and eco-friendly. Results obtained show that all the treated mixes gave much better strength than untreated soil. Egg shell powder was introduced in quantities of 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% and 2% of the weight of soil. Tests were conducted replacing up to 50% of...
Topics: Lime, Soil stabilization, Egg shell, improvement, Geotechnical, replacement
In Kosovo as well as in many countries of the world have occurred explosions in objects, so this research have addressed the ways and possibilities of protecting the buildings by using their position as construction and design elements' after you load resisted by explosions. This paper presents basic information on the approaches for the evaluation of the blast effects on the structures. Motivation for the present study is recent events happening in the World where more and more structures are...
Topics: Blast resistant design, blast waves, explosive effects.
To satisfy the housing needs of an ever increasing population, the construction of buildings have become a large consumer of a considerably large amount of energy and resources. This human activity as well as other industrial and domestic activities if left unchecked will result in the gradual deterioration of our environment. The term embodied energy has been developed as a means to measure the energy expended during the life cycle of a building material. This life cycle consists of mining and...
Topics: Embodied energy, Embodied carbon, life cycle, buildings
The success of complex systems projects is strongly influenced by their architecture. A key role of a system architect is to decide whether and how to integrate new technologies in a system architecture. Technology readiness levels (TRL) scale has been used for decades to support decision making regarding the technology infusion in complex systems, but it still faces challenges related to the integration of technologies to a system architecture. Integration Readiness Levels (IRL) scale has been...
Topics: Integration Readiness Levels, systems architecture, systems integration, system readiness...
Friction welding method is one of the most simple, economical and highly productive method in joining dissimilar materials. It is widely used in the automotive, medical and aerospace industrial applications. The purpose of this present work was to assess the development of solid state juncture of dissimilar materials of H30 aluminum and BS970 mild steel. The joints were obtained by Friction Welding (FW) process, which combines the heat generated from friction between two surfaces. The results...
Topics: Friction welding, aluminum, mild steel, dissimilar, tensile test, metallographic test